The Importance of Fostering a Scientific Mind
Written by Jeff Green - 08/07/2022
The Importance of Fostering a Scientific Mind
Written by Jeff Green
For the past few weeks, I have made it a mission to expose a number of fallacies being promulgated in the "alternative health" movement. I find many of these so-called 'theories' highly destructive to the creation of health-giving ideas that serve to truly understand nature and free man from the irrational fear of his body. While I do not normally engage with such people because of their caustic attitude, they made it necessary to speak out.
Many blatantly false claims have been made. In part, some of those claims are being formed from the past work of Harold Hillman. Hillman claimed later in life that certain parts of cells simply did not exist, such as the Golgi apparatus, and endoplasmic reticulum. He claimed this was due to electron microscopy imaging which caused these structures to appear.
In reality, EM may have caused certain alterations to the appearance of cells, at least in early usage during the 30s and 40s. Likewise, in a similar way, heavy-handed staining used in optical microscopy can cause cells to change some of their structure. Proper usage is required in both situations.
With regard to viruses and electron microscopy, even if the nature of EM is detrimental to viral structure in some way, viruses still show an apparent and intelligent structure that proves their existence. No one would rightly infer the exact motion of cellular bodies through EM, but to use it to fill in gaps through static snapshots. Researchers know that cellular bodies appear in a different form in the body itself, but cells can still be seen and observed close to reality.
Consider: By way of viewing a cell or tissue on a flat surface, such as a slide, you must change from the 3D level as cells would appear in the inner body, to the 2D plane of the slide, thereby causing alterations in cellular movements by nature of the environment. This all must be accounted for.
Things have advanced since Hillman's time some 50+ years ago with regard to EM and the viewing methods used by researchers (as noted above). EM procedures also advanced in the 40s and 50s, and issues were overcome long before Hillman made his claims. It is also a fact that Hillman was himself claiming non-proven theories that did not have logical sense. He assumed and guessed about what he stated things should look like with little regard for whole cellular processes. He claimed the Golgi apparatus, ribosomes, receptors, and other vital cell parts, simply did not exist because he could not see them as he thought they were.
For example, without the Golgi, proteins would float aimlessly in the cell without direction, and lysosomes would not exist, among so much more.
More importantly, all the so-called artifacts he attributed to EM appear under all microscopy techniques. This alone disproves much of his claims. His contemporaries at the time pointed out his errors, saying though there were shortcomings involved in EM, the results observed are close to reality. He refused to heed their advice.
In the world of those in “alternative health", Hillman is allowed to infer characteristics of cells without seeing them, but other researchers cannot. Quite contradictory indeed.
Many Claims of 'Non-Existance' Abound
Now, in the same vein, claims of non-existence are being made about entities such as exosomes—something I briefly covered in my article 'The "No Virus" Delusion, wherein I address the inability of some to reason beyond a shallow level by claiming things do not exist that have been shown to exist, and the misreading of study language and terms.
Basic Realities Regarding Cellular Life
Without cell walls, all components of the body would be intermingled. No longer would the body be able to engulf and neutralize organic waste debris or toxins and expel them out of the body. As well, eating food and extracting nutrients from food would become impossible. Without cell walls, components of cells would be completely open and unprotected in the body and would oxidize within a short time, leading to widespread systemic toxicity, resulting in the death of the organism.
Bacteria are also cells. Bacteria eat upon our food and excrete it into utilizable forms for other cells to consume. Indeed, we live off the excretion of bacteria. The human body is comprised of around 98% bacteria. Without cells, there can be no digestion of food.
Without receptors on the surfaces of cells, cells would no longer be able to communicate with each other and would not be able to intelligently carry out their functions of endocytosis and exocytosis, among so many more. Without receptors guided by electrically charged bonds, nothing in the body could take place.
What about Exosomes?
Exosomes are vesicles that form when cells undergo apoptosis, or when cells contain excess cell parts, among others. In this way, cells package up cell parts to transmit between cells for use in facilitating new cellular growth and manufacturing of proteins and whole cellular parts by cells. Exosomes also serve as one form of communication between cells, among many. The body is a great recycler of waste. If it was not, the body would be incredibly inefficient as an organism and would not be close to the efficient organism it currently is.
Exosomes are merely one type of vesicle. ‘Vesicle’ is the keyword, and there are various forms of vesicles. Even 'defective' viruses can form into vesicles. Defective viruses are not fully formed whole viral structures. Instead, they are incomplete viruses that naturally form into vesicles in the cytoplasm of the cell, then bud off from the cell wall.
Again, cells repackage their viral components to transmit to cells in order to help transfer parts for viral creation to cells that contain inadequate amounts of parts for viral synthesis.
Seemingly, much confusion has been created by this great misunderstanding of study language with regard to some viruses appearing as exosomes. This has led to many falsely believing that studies claim all viruses appear as exosomes. This is patently incorrect. It is the enveloped virus that appears vesicle-like, thus giving rise to difficulties in distinguishing enveloped viruses from vesicles. But it is not impossible.
Indeed, enveloped viruses can appear as vesicles because such viruses contain an outer envelope that they gain when budding from the cell wall. Such enveloped viruses are released by cells through budding instead of cell lysis/rupture because they are lowly replicated by cells. They gain their envelope by way of leaving the cell wall, wherein they get coated in a layer of the cellular wall itself through this passage—something that does not normally take place when viruses leave through cell lysis.
On the other hand, many non-enveloped viruses are more resistant to temperature and toxins because they do not contain this delicate cell wall envelope. There are unique reasons for each structure.
To claim exosomes do not exist is folly. To do so is to claim cells do not form vesicles during apoptosis or to recycle waste or excess cell parts for future use. Under normal optical microscopy footage, one can clearly see this process taking place.
As stated, if this were not the case, cells would be incredibly inefficient and the death of an organism would occur over the smallest of insults from its environment.
Most Viruses and Exosomes Differ Extensively
With this known, we begin to understand that there are many different types and subtypes of viruses within the virome of the body, which are either enveloped or non-enveloped. Studies note the particular virus being compared to a vesicle in their abstracts. Those falsely claiming that all viruses appear as exosomes are not understanding this key language and are, as a result, misreading such studies. I have seen many claims over the past two years with this complete misreading of study language with regard to studies comparing certain enveloped viruses to exosomes. It is then falsely claimed that all viruses appear as exosomes/vesicles. In actuality, it is merely those of enveloped form that can appear as vesicles due to their outer coat.
Exosomes have no structured cohesion, no capsid, and no inner mRNA core. They are vesicle bodies largely made of a cell wall coating that contains cargo inside; proteins, lipids, and mRNA parts, among others. Fully formed viruses, however, are complete rigid structures that have coherent form, structure, and appearance.
Under the coating of the enveloped virus, there exists the same structuring, which is more difficult to see due to the outer lipid bilayer coat. As stated, misunderstanding this leads to the erroneous assumption that all viruses are exosomes, or that all viruses are confused for exosomes. This originates from the "alternative health" side and their oftentimes haphazard reading of complex study language.
In the end, it is vital that language be properly understood in order to grasp the nature of viruses, their existence, and how they are structured in relation to other cellular components. One must foster a scientific mind with regard to understanding the logic behind why things exist and are inferred. Without a scientific mind, there can be no understanding of the inner workings of the body.
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